What follows is probably one of the most disturbing days we have had in a long time.

Having seen something about Theresienstadt in a television series we realised that it's not THAT far from Wernigerode - it's only 340 kms: about 3 hours, according to Google Maps. Clara can do a 680 km round trip in a day - can't she? Her exhaust is noisy, as is her windscreen wiper motor, but it's going to have to be ok. We will likely not be back in this part of the world for a while, so it's this week or never.

Oil checked and level is fine.

We didn't leave until about 9:15, so we weren't going to have very long there unless we were planning to be very late back. As it turned out we had insufficient time to see everything but plenty long enough to start to understand the place. Possibly too much time: it's not a pleasant place. As towns go, it's OK: but with its history it takes on a different feel.

As I mentioned in this blog post, the labourers from the camps in Wernigerode were marched to Litomerice Concentration Camp. It's taken us three hours in the car at 130kph - 150kph: imagine being forced to walk that far in a state of malnutrition and starvation. Sadly but unsurprisingly many of them didn't make it and this turned into a death march.

This is also the place where Gavrilo Princip was imprisoned and died in 1918.

Wernigerode To Terezin

There followed an uneventful three hour drive down past Halle, Leipzig, Dresden and across the Ore Mountains into the Czech Republic.

Clara On The Motorway in The Czech Republic

We stopped at the first service station over the border to buy our vignette...

Vignette

... and pressed on for Terezin.

Clara With The Small Fortress In The Background

From the car park you walk past the Jewish Memorial Cemetery...

Jewish Memorial Cemetery

... across the moat...

Moat Of The Small Fortress Of Terezin

... and up to the entrance past the Reception Office. The first place that I have been to with 'Arbeit Macht Frei' over the gate.

Entrance To The Small Fortress Of Terezin Reception Office Of The Small Fortress Of Terezin Arbeit Macht Frei

Even inside it is hard to grasp the scale of the suffering here and how the 'Small Fortress' was a byword for terror in the nearby ghetto. It all looks clean and tidy now, but this was far from the case in WWII. Approximately 32,000 prisoners passed through here from 1940 onwards. 2,100 men and 500 women died here, and a further 5,500 died after deportations to other concentration camps and prisons.

Prisoner Living Quarters in the Small Fortress Of Terezin Cells In The Small Fortress Of Terezin Solitary Confinement Cell

Outside the prison itself are the Officer's Quarters (in stark contrast to the 'accommodation' for the prisoners):

Officer's Block In The Small Fortress

The Death Gate, through which prisoners about to be shot were taken:

The Death Gate

And the Fourth Yard, which contained mass cells.

Between four and six hundred prisoners were incarcerated in cells like this. Hard to envisage or comprehend.

Mass Cell Mass Cell Mass Cell

And solitary confinement cells, later used as mass cells.

Solitary Cells Later Used As Mass Cells

23 Germany Again Five

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